Since optimal languages for computation and for human review are not always the same, the relative ease of translation may be a significant factor in selecting the units of measurement or the language unit in the sensing element.
Tight assurance is more likely if the reviews are detailed, comprehensive, and frequent. What is Management by objectives MBO?
This feasibility test might immediately determine whether the controls that can be added should be oriented toward specific actions or results. When this is the case, the best situation is one in which either specific-action or results controls, or both, can be chosen, as is shown in box 1 of Figure 1.
In fact, controlling determines what is being accomplished — that is, evaluating the performance and, if necessary, taking corrective measures so that the performance takes place according to plans.
Let us suppose, for example, that the decisions made by an executive are rated from 1 to 10, 10 being the perfect decision. Corrective properties may sometimes be built into the controller for example, to modify the time the lights are turned on as the days grow shorter or longerbut this would not close the loop.
Brand Management To maximize sales to a target customer base, a business must send a consistent message about its products or services. Another problem with specific-action controls is that they can cause rigid. In large scale business in the modem times it is quite impossible to work without proper policies, procedures and quality of different varieties of goods.
An executive needs all kinds of timely information, which are not always available. If managers discover that certain specific actions produce consistently superior results, then it might be beneficial to inform employees of the specific actions that are expected of them, for example, by publishing these desired actions in a procedures manual.
The reason for such a condition is apparent when one recognizes that any system, if it is to achieve a predetermined goal, must have available to it at all times an indication of its degree of attainment.
How to Choose among the Feasible Options Often managers cannot rely completely on the people involved in a given area and cannot employ one or more of the avoidance strategies mentioned earlier. This includes not only communicating the brand through marketing messages, but also by your price, where you sell your product, its features and packaging.
Standards should be as precise as possible and communicated to all persons concerned. It is probably impossible to dictate what a movie director should do or even to observe his or her behavior and predict whether the finished product will be good.
This process is depicted in loop A of Figure 3, a slightly more complicated feedback control model.
If there is a significant and uncorrectable difference between output and plan, the system is "out of control. Control creates an atmosphere of order and discipline in the organization. This may take the form of opposition and subversion to control, or it may be related to the lack of defined responsibility or authority to take action.
Without control functionthe management process is incomplete. For example, the plan may not make the best use of the inputs of materials, energy, or information — in other words, the system may not be designed to operate efficiently.
Associated with this theory are such concepts as " span of control ", "closeness of supervision", and "hierarchical authority". The significant difference between this type of system and an open-loop system is that the control device is an element of the system it serves and measures the performance of the system.
This is the critical control function of management. In an industrial example, frequency distribution a tabulation of the number of times a given characteristic occurs within the sample of products being checked may be used to show the average quality, the spread, and the comparison of output with a standard.
Control creates an atmosphere of order and discipline in the organization. Even in a prison, where administrators are faced with a sharp lack of goal congruence and where few control options are available other than physical constraints, inmates are screened so that dangerous ones are not assigned to high-risk positions, such as in a machine shop.
This might take the form of work rules e.“Control is the process of bringing about conformity of performance with planned action.” Dale Henning. Controlling function is performed in all types of organizations whether commercial or non commercial and at all levels i.e.
top, middle and supervisory levels of. The control function of management can be a critical determinant of organizational success. Most authors discuss control only through feedback and adjustment processes. This article takes a broader perspective on control and discusses the following questions: What is good control?
“Control is the process of bringing about conformity of performance with planned action.” Dale Henning. Controlling function is performed in all types of organizations whether commercial or non commercial and at all levels i.e.
top, middle and supervisory levels of management. The Importance of Planning and Control in an Organisation September 2, by articles Leave a Comment Planning is the most basic of all management functions and it provides the framework on which the rest of the managerial functions are implemented.
Read this article to learn about Managerial Control Process: it’s characteristics, importance, types, requirements of effective control system and techniques! An effective organization is one where managers understand how to manage and control. The objective of control as a concept and process is.
Importance of Management It helps in Achieving Group Goals - It arranges the factors of production, assembles and organizes the resources, integrates the resources in effective manner to achieve goals.Download