Reproductive system

Anomalies are those of absence, transposition, torsion twistingand duplication of the penis.

The Male Reproductive System

Testes The 2 Reproductive systemalso known as testicles, are the male gonads responsible for the production of sperm and testosterone. The raphe turns forward onto the undersurface of Reproductive system penis and is continued back onto the perineum the area between the legs and as far back as the anus.

Menstruation begins during the female's preteen or teen years or adolescence and end during middle age at menopause. Infertility is the inability of sperm to fertilize an egg while impotence is the inability to copulate successfully.

Penis The penis is the male external sexual organ located superior to the scrotum and inferior to the umbilicus. This is called implantation. Once the baby animal is born it must start to breathe for itself, digest food and excrete its own waste. Not needed to support a pregnancy, the lining of the uterus breaks down and sheds, and the next menstrual period begins.

Sperm produced in the testes moves into the epididymis to mature before being passed on through the male reproductive organs. The testes release a hormone that controls the development of sperm.

The male reproductive system consists of a pair of testes that produce sperm or spermatozoaducts that transport the sperm to the penis and glands that add secretions to the sperm to make semen. The smooth muscles that make up the scrotum allow it to regulate the distance between the testes and the rest of the body.

Ejaculatory Duct The ductus deferens passes through the prostate and joins with the urethra at a structure known as the ejaculatory duct. The ductules from the testis have a thin muscular coat and a lining that consists of alternating groups of high columnar cells with cilia hairlike projections and low cells lacking cilia.

Each lobule contains a section of seminiferous tubule lined with epithelial cells. When the sperm are mature they accumulate in the collecting ducts and then pass to the epididymisbefore moving to the sperm duct or vas deferens.

In humans and other higher primates, however, the endometrium is shed as a flow of blood and instead of an oestrous cycle there is a menstrual cycle. Development Of The Morula And Blastocyst[ edit ] As the fertilised egg travels down the fallopian tube it starts to divide by mitosis.

Female Reproductive System

When there are too many abnormal sperm or when the sperm concentration is low, the semen may not be able to fertilize an egg and the animal is infertile.

In the duct of the epididymis the muscle coat is thicker and the lining is thick with tufts of large nonmotile cilia. Fertilization Fertilization is the process by which a sperm combines with an oocyte, or egg cell, to produce a fertilized zygote.

The testes The two testesor testicles, which usually complete their descent into the scrotum from their point of origin on the back wall of the abdomen in the seventh month after conceptionare suspended in the scrotum by the spermatic cords.

Synorchism, the fusion of the two testicles into one mass, may occur within the scrotum or in the abdomen. It sita her and awaits the sperm for fertilization to occur.

Reproductive system disease

Epididymis The epididymis is a sperm storage area that wraps around the superior and posterior edge of the testes. The sperm gets pushed through the penis, where they are introduced into the tail end of its copulatory partner.

Female Reproductive System

Most other nestlings need their parents to keep them warm, clean and fed. Physiology of the Male Reproductive System Spermatogenesis Spermatogenesis is the process of producing sperm and takes place in the testes and epididymis of adult males. Each testis is supplied with blood by the testicular arterieswhich arise from the front of the aorta just below the origin of the renal kidney arteries.

Most animals have Reproductive system pair of ovaries but in birds only the left one is functional to reduce weight see below. Diseases of the human reproductive system are very common and widespread, particularly communicable sexually transmitted diseases.

The testes are two inches long and one inch wide. This causes FSH to be produced again and a new oestrous cycle begins. Hair at the temples recedes. Since the lifespan of sperm in the female tract is so short and ova only survive from 8 to 10 hours the timing of the artificial insemination is critical.

If the ovum is fertilized by sperm, it attaches to the endometrium and the fetus develops. The female reproductive anatomy includes parts inside and outside the body.

The sperm then travels through the vagina and cervix into the uterus or fallopian tubes for fertilization of the ovum.The primary functions of the male reproductive system are the production of sperm, the transportation of sperm from the testes out of the male body, the placement of sperm into the female’s vagina, and the production of glandular secretions and hormones.

*Testis – Did you know that testis, testify, testimonial and testament all share a common root meaning? Testis means “witness” in Latin.

reproductive system

As the testis witnesses to manhood, you may witness to the truth at trial, proclaim your favorite brand of corn flakes or witness to your final wishes in your will. The male reproductive system is a series of organs located outside of the body and around the pelvic region of a male that contribute towards the reproduction process.

The primary direct function of the male reproductive system is to provide the male sperm for fertilization of the ovum. The reproductive system of marine gastropods such as those from class Opisthobranchia and order Archaeogastropoda from the class Prosobranchia, is a continuous cycle of alternating male and female reproductive role currclickblog.comately after spawning in late summer, the predominance of the female reproductive functions are terminated and gametogenesis initiates immediately, with the start.

Reproductive system of gastropods

Human reproductive system, organ system by which humans reproduce and bear live offspring. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and functioning properly, the essential features of human reproduction are (1) liberation of an ovum, or egg, at a specific time in the reproductive cycle, (2) internal fertilization of the ovum by spermatozoa, or sperm cells, (3) transport of the.

Human reproductive system, organ system by which humans reproduce and bear live offspring. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and functioning properly.

Reproductive system
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